St John’s in the Vale – High Rigg from Legburthwaite round
Cumbria is a large county in North West England and contains the Lake District and Lake District National Park. It is bounded to the north by the Scottish Borders, Dumfries and Galloway, to the west by the Irish Sea, to the south by Lancashire, to the south east by North Yorkshire, and to the east by County Durham and Northumberland. Cumbria is very mountainous containing every peak in England over 3,000ft above sea level with Scafell Pike being England’s highest mountain at 978 m (3,209ft). Cumbria is also one of England’s most outstanding areas of natural beauty attracting mountain climbers, hikers and walkers, cyclists, runners and tourists and holds a source of inspiration for artists, writers and musicians. Cumbria consists of six districts Eden, Carlisle, Allerdale, Copeland, South Lakeland and Barrow-in-Furness.
The Lake District is an area with stunning scenery located within in the County of Cumbria. Commonly known as The Lakes or Lakeland it was granted National Park status on 9th May 1951 less than a month after the first UK designated National Park, The Peak District. It is the largest of thirteen National Parks in England and Wales and the largest in the UK after the Cairngorms. The Lake District National Park itself covers an area of 885 square miles and stretches 30 miles from Ravenglass in the west to Shap in the east and 35 miles from Caldbeck in the north to Lindale in the south. Crammed with so much natural beauty the Lakes attract visitors, tourists and holiday makers from all over the world. As the name suggests there are many lakes each with their own uniqueness, amenities and activities such as lakeside walks, sailing, waterskiing, boat trips and ferries. All of the lakes except Bassenthwaite Lake are named by water, tarn or mere and are surrounded by stunning scenery and magnificent fells. There are some wonderful towns to explore such as Keswick, Windermere, Ambleside, Kendal, Hawkshead, Grasmere and Cockermouth all with a splendid mixture of shops, cafes, pubs, bars and restaurants. There are also many museums, theatres, historic homes, gardens and many easy walks for the not so energetic visitor wishing not to climb the fells. William Wordsworth the famous British poet was born in Cockermouth and later lived in Grasmere where he wrote some of his best works before moving to Rydal Mount near Ambleside for his last 37 years. Both places are open to visitors and so is Brantwood home to John Ruskin until his death. Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Robert Southey and Thomas de Quincey all followed Wordsworth to the Lake District. Arthur Ransome, author of Swallows and Amazons, also grew to love the lakes and settled in the Winster Valley near Windermere. The painters Thomas Gainsborough, JMW Turner and John Constable were early visitors to the lakes but it was John Ruskin who settled here at Brantwood on the shore of Coniston Water. Farming and especially sheep farming has been historically and still is the main industry of the Lake District. The tough Herdwick breed with their stocky build and distinctive grey coat are especially hardy for the Lakeland fells and its weather. Sheep farming has probably been here since Viking times and is an important factor both to the economy of the lakes as well as in preserving the stunning landscape which attracts visitors and hence income to the region. Walking is a big attraction in the Lake District whether strolling around the low lying lakes or climbing up into the mountainous fells whichever is undertaken the scenery is magnificent. Alfred Wainwright’s famous hand written book, The Pictorial Guide to the Lake District, published in 1955 is a collection of seven books each illustrated with his unique style and charm of the 214 fells inspiring many visitors and tourists from all over the world.
St John’s in the Vale is a glacial valley in the northern area of the Lake District with a number of farms, small settlements and several disused quarry and mine workings. St John’s Beck flowing through the vale is the main route of outflow from Thirlmere reservoir. The beck flows northwards towards Threlkeld where it meets the River Glenderamackin to form the River Greta. This scenic and peaceful vale lies under the craggy slopes of the Helvellyn Range and is surrounded by many of the most striking Lakeland fells with Clough Head to the east and High Rigg and Low Rigg to the west. The northern end of the vale widens to meet the valley of the River Greta near Threlkeld and is dominated by the views of Blencathra and Skiddaw. The southern end of the vale is a narrow pass between High Rigg and Great Dodd. Red squirrels can often be seen in the woodlands around the vale.
Legburthwaite is a small hamlet in the Allerdale District of Cumbria and is situated just north of Thirlmere reservoir. The village houses a church, a youth hostel and a National Trust car park with toilets and a picnic area. The valley and Thirlmere, on which no water sports are allowed, are a much quieter part of the lakes and there are some lovely peaceful walks and sign posted nature trails through the wooded areas on the western side of the reservoir and beyond there are many fells such as Raven Crag, Armboth Fell, Bleaberry Fell and High Seat. To the eastern side there is great Dodd, Stybarrow Dodd, Raise, Helvellyn and Dollywaggon Pike for the much more adventurous. The reservoir and surrounding forested valley are owned and managed by United Utilities, a private water and utility company. The views from down below in the valley or up in the fells are wonderful.
Thirlmere water is a reservoir constructed in the 19th century by the Manchester Corporation to provide the industrial city of Manchester with water supplies. At the time there was strong local opposition for they thought it would dramatically alter the beautiful valley so the Thirlmere Defence Association was formed to oppose the parliamentary act. The organisation managed to stall the reading of the act in 1878 but the act was passed at the second reading a year later. The water level was raised by the construction of a dam at the northern end of Thirlmere in 1890 which took four years to build. The reservoir would now be able to supply water to Manchester via the underground Thirlmere Aqueduct approximately 100 miles long. The waterworks are now impressive and resemble a fort or castle. Thirlmere is 3.7 miles long and runs south to north and is bordered on the western side by a minor road and the A591 on the eastern side and before the construction of the reservoir the area was two smaller lakes, Leathes Water and Wythburn Water.
High Rigg is a small fell surrounded on all sides by higher fells. Its summit has a cairn set on an outcrop and commands wonderful views of the higher fells with Skiddaw and Blencathra to the north and Clough Head and the Helvellyn range to the east. Thirlmere can be seen to the south and Bleaberry Fell to the west, over which the Scafell group can be seen on a clear day. High Rigg resembles a model of the Lakeland Fells in miniature with crags, intermediate tops, tarns and even a pass crossing the ridge halfway along complete with church. The northern and southern sides of the fell are mainly grassy and gently rolling but the western and eastern flanks are steep with numerous rocky outcrops and cliffs.
We walk to the end of the car park go through the gate and turn left. We head along the track to the main A591 road and turn right. After crossing the bridge we turn right over the ladder stile. We head forward and when the path splits, we bear left steeply uphill to the top of Wren Crag. We continue forward following the path up and down along the ridge and when we come to a fence we cross over the stile and turn right following the fence. We pass to the right of a small tarn and keep following the path. When we come to a wall we cross over the ladder stile and head uphill following the wall on the right. At the end of the wall we continue ahead making our way to the cairn we can see in the distance on the summit of High Rigg. We drop off the summit following the path downhill and when the path splits we turn right and head steeply downhill towards some trees and two buildings. At the bottom we come out at the Youth Centre and turn right along the road to the church. We take a look in the church then continue along the road to the end of the churchyard and go through the gate on the right onto a gravel path. We keep following the path with the stone wall on our left. At the end of the wall we continue through the trees to Low Bridge End Farm, with a small tea room in the conservatory which is not always manned but there is a kettle and cakes that you can help yourself to and leave payment. We then continue forward through the gate slightly downhill. We meet the river and head forward for a short way before we soon start to go uphill on a very narrow path with a steep drop on the left. When we reach the ladder stile and the main road we turn left go over the bridge and turn left again back down the track to the car park.
This is a moderate walk on grass, gravel and stony paths/tracks with some gates and stiles. There are also some steep inclines and declines.
Elevation: approx lowest point 151m (496ft) approx highest point 348m (1142ft) approx ascent 322m (1057ft).
Distance and Start Point
Approx 5 miles allow 3 to 4 hours using OS Explorer Map OL5, The English Lakes, North-eastern area. This walk is done clockwise.
Start point: Legburthwaite Pay and Display National Trust Car Park.
Legburthwaite is at the northern end of Thirlmere Reservoir in St John’s in the Vale near Keswick in the Lake District of Cumbria.
Directions and Parking
From the A66 take the A591 or the B5322 heading towards Thirlmere Reservoir and Grasmere. The pay and display car park is on the B5322 at Legburthwaite near the junction with the A591.
Parking: The National Trust Legburthwaite Pay and Display car park normally £5.50 for all day but was free when we did this walk. There is free parking in the lay-by on the A591, also in the lay-by at the junction with the B5322.
Toilets and Refreshments
There are public toilets in Legburthwaite National Trust car park and en-route there is a small tearoom at Low Bridge End Farm. The next nearest refreshments are at The Kings Head a 17th century coaching inn situated on the A591 between Legburthwaite and Swirls car park and at Keswick, Threlkeld and Grasmere where there are public toilets as well.