Cumbria is a large county in North West England and contains the Lake District and Lake District National Park. It is bounded to the north by the Scottish Borders, Dumfries and Galloway, to the west by the Irish Sea, to the south by Lancashire, to the south east by North Yorkshire, and to the east by County Durham and Northumberland. Cumbria is very mountainous containing every peak in England over 3,000ft above sea level with Scafell Pike being England’s highest mountain at 978 m (3,209ft). Cumbria is also one of England’s most outstanding areas of natural beauty attracting mountain climbers, hikers and walkers, cyclists, runners and tourists and holds a source of inspiration for artists, writers and musicians. Cumbria consists of six districts Eden, Carlisle, Allerdale, Copeland, South Lakeland and Barrow-in-Furness.
The Lake District is an area with stunning scenery located within in the County of Cumbria. Commonly known as The Lakes or Lakeland it was granted National Park status on 9th May 1951 less than a month after the first UK designated National Park, The Peak District. It is the largest of thirteen National Parks in England and Wales and the largest in the UK after the Cairngorms. The Lake District National Park itself covers an area of 885 square miles and stretches 30 miles from Ravenglass in the west to Shap in the east and 35 miles from Caldbeck in the north to Lindale in the south. Crammed with so much natural beauty the Lakes attract visitors, tourists and holiday makers from all over the world. As the name suggests there are many lakes each with their own uniqueness, amenities and activities such as lakeside walks, sailing, waterskiing, boat trips and ferries. All of the lakes except Bassenthwaite Lake are named by water, tarn or mere and are surrounded by stunning scenery and magnificent fells. There are some wonderful towns to explore such as Keswick, Windermere, Ambleside, Kendal, Hawkshead, Grasmere and Cockermouth all with a splendid mixture of shops, cafes, pubs, bars and restaurants. There are also many museums, theatres, historic homes, gardens and many easy walks for the not so energetic visitor wishing not to climb the fells. William Wordsworth the famous British poet was born in Cockermouth and later lived in Grasmere where he wrote some of his best works before moving to Rydal Mount near Ambleside for his last 37 years. Both places are open to visitors and so is Brantwood home to John Ruskin until his death. Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Robert Southey and Thomas de Quincey all followed Wordsworth to the Lake District. Arthur Ransome, author of Swallows and Amazons, also grew to love the lakes and settled in the Winster Valley near Windermere. The painters Thomas Gainsborough, JMW Turner and John Constable were early visitors to the lakes but it was John Ruskin who settled here at Brantwood on the shore of Coniston Water. Farming and especially sheep farming has been historically and still is the main industry of the Lake District. The tough Herdwick breed with their stocky build and distinctive grey coat are especially hardy for the Lakeland fells and its weather. Sheep farming has probably been here since Viking times and is an important factor both to the economy of the lakes as well as in preserving the stunning landscape which attracts visitors and hence income to the region. Walking is a big attraction in the Lake District whether strolling around the low lying lakes or climbing up into the mountainous fells whichever is undertaken the scenery is magnificent. Alfred Wainwright’s famous hand written book, The Pictorial Guide to the Lake District, published in 1955 is a collection of seven books each illustrated with his unique style and charm of the 214 fells inspiring many visitors and tourists from all over the world.
Coniston is a lovely little village close to the northern end of Coniston Water in the Furness area of Cumbria and located in the southern part of the Lake District National Park and also within the boundaries of Lancashire. The village consists of the Ruskin Museum, a Tourist Information Centre, a variety of shops, post office, spar shop, cafes, tea rooms and four pubs The Sun, The Crown Inn, The Yewdale Hotel and The Black Bull Inn and Hotel. There are also two Youth Hostels one on the edge of the village and the other in the nearby Coppermines Valley. Coniston is and grew as both a farming community and to serve local copper and slate mines. It was a scattered rural community until the copper mines, dating from Jacobean times, were revitalised about 1859. The village grew mainly around Coniston Hall, a 16th century farmhouse with massive chimneys, built by the Fleming family which is now owned by the National Trust. Two of Coniston’s volcanic slate quarries are still operating one in Coppermine’s Valley being blue slate and the other at Bursting Stone on the east side of the Old Man of Coniston being light green slate. In the Victorian times Coniston became popular with tourists partly due to the construction of a branch of the Furness Railway which opened to passengers in 1859 and terminated at Coniston railway station. The creation of the national park in the 1950’s provided a further boost to tourism and so did John Ruskin, artist, writer, critic, teacher and philosopher, who bought and lived in Brantwood House on the eastern side of Coniston Water from 1872 until his death in 1900 is buried in Coniston village churchyard of St Andrews. The museum in Coniston village is dedicated to Ruskin and also covers the history and heritage of Coniston Water and the Lake District. Arthur Ransom, novelist, gained much of his inspiration for his children’s novel ‘Swallows and Amazons’ from Coniston Water. The water has become known for a controversial murder case. Mrs Carol Park was dubbed the ‘Lady in the Lake’ after the Raymond Chandler novel of the same name.
Coniston Water at five miles long and half a mile wide is the third largest lake in the Lake District and is an example of a ribbon lake formed by glaciations during the last ice age and drains into the sea via the River Crake. In the 13th and 14th centuries Coniston Water was an important source of fish for the monks of Furness Abbey who owned the lake and much of the surrounding land. In the 20th century Coniston Water was the scene of many attempts to break the world water speed record. On the 19th August 1939 Sir Malcolm Campbell set the record at 141.74 miles per hour in Bluebird K4. His son Donald Campbell set four successive records on the lake in Bluebird K7, a hydroplane, between 1956 and 1959. It was on the 4th January 1967 that Donald Campbell achieved a top speed of 320 miles per hour in Bluebird K7 on the return leg of a record breaking attempt but he lost control of Bluebird which somersaulted and crashed sinking very quickly killing him instantly on impact. The attempt could not be counted as a record breaking run because the second leg was not completed. Bluebird was recovered from Coniston Water on 8th March 2001 and the remains of Donald Campbell’s body were brought up on 28th May. A memorial service was held on the 12th September and his body buried in the churchyard. Coniston Water is ideal for kayaking and canoeing as there are a number of good sites for launching and recovery. Boats of various sizes can be hired from the lake side near the steam yacht and the water-speed limit is 10 mph except for boats attempting new world water-speed records during Records Week which is normally held in the first week of November. The lake is paddled as the second leg of the Three Lakes Challenge. The steam yacht ‘Gondola’ along with two smaller motorised launches tour the lake in the summer months.
The Cumbria Way is a 70 mile long distance footpath passing through the heart of the Lake District National Park linking the two historic towns of Ulverston and Carlisle. The route cuts through the most beautiful Lakeland countryside via Coniston, Langdale, Borrowdale, Derwent Water, Skiddaw Forest and Caldbeck. The Cumbria Way was originally developed in the 1970’s by local Ramblers’ Association members and is mainly low level but does contain some high level exposed sections and the highest point is High Pike at 658 metres (2,159 ft). The waymarking of the entire route was completed by volunteers and national park staff in May 2007.
We make our way to St Andrews Church and take a look at John Ruskin’s Grave before we cross over the bridge, on the main road, and turn immediate right. We follow the narrow lane uphill past the Sun Hotel to a t-junction and turn right. We continue uphill and take the 1st turn left onto Old Furness Road. We head forward and the road soon becomes a footpath. We then follow the route of the old railway line until we come to a gate at a lane we go through turn left then right onto the main road. After about 100 yards we turn left through a swing gate into a field signposted Torver. We continue to follow the route of the old railway line to go through another gate in the next field. We soon join a tarmac track by the entrance to a caravan park and head forwards. At the right hand bend we keep heading forwards along a stony path. We go through a gate and head forwards to reach a wall. We go through a gate on the right and turn immediate left signposted Torver. We now follow the footpath parallel to the main road for just over ½ mile until we come to the railway bridge and a gate. We bear right slightly uphill following the footpath sign for Coniston via Lake Shore to go through the gate onto a lane. We turn left to cross over the Railway Bridge and continue along the lane, passing by two farm tracks on the left, to a stony track on the left signposted Torver Jetty and Public footpath to the Lake. No vehicles. No bikes. We follow the stony track past a barn on our left and when the path splits we bear right and go through a gate with a yellow arrow. We head forwards to go through another gate then follow the path through the trees until we reach Coniston Water. We turn left following the waters edge past a boathouse, go through two wooden swing gates, cross over a flat footbridge then immediately through two gates in a wall. Head forwards to go through another gate in the wall then follow the broad track through the campsite to pass by Coniston Hall on the right and as soon as we pass through a gate between two barns we bear right onto a stony footpath. We go through the next gate and follow the path and when the path turns right we head straight forward through a gate. We bear right, go through the next gate and follow the grassy path to the stile at main road. We now turn right and follow the roadside footpath back into Coniston.
This is an easy walk on good well walked paths, tracks, tarmac and some minor road.
Elevation: approx lowest point 43.2m (141.7ft) approx highest point 122.80m (402.9ft) approx ascent 125.4m (411.4ft).
Distance and Start Point
Approx 5.5 miles allow 2 – 2½ hours using OS Explorer Map OL6, The English Lakes South-Western area. This walk is anti-clockwise.
Start Point: roadside in Coniston village.
Coniston is in the southern area of the Lake District, Cumbria.
Directions and Parking
From the A66 at Threlkeld take the B5322 on the left. At the t-junction at Legburthwaite turn left onto the A591 by the side of Thirlmere. At Ambleside take A593 following the signs for Coniston.
Parking: Pay and display car park and some free roadside parking from 31st October to Easter.
Toilets and Refreshments
There are public toilets in the pay and display car park next to the Tourist Information Centre. For refreshments there are a number of shops, cafes, restaurants and four pubs.